What are smart homes?

A complex of automation of home appliances or devices is called a smart home, designed to solve certain tasks without human intervention

Let’s look at the main functions of a smart home. Their implementation is provided by numerous sensors placed throughout the house. They are triggered by temperature fluctuations, illumination, etc.I.e. if the ambient temperature has decreased, the data received from the temperature sensor is transmitted to the control center that controls the heating system. After such a signal, it generates and transmits a signal to increase the heating. As soon as the home temperature becomes acceptable, it will cancel its own command about additional heating. T. o. the temperature regime will be kept at the level set by the homeowner. In addition, there is a security system for both security and fire. In fact, the system takes over the management of most processes. Without them, living in the house will become problematic.

What types of smart homes are available on the market

The first thing you need to realize, smart home, is primarily a modular system, which implies the installation of various systems depending on the desires and needs of the homeowner.

Despite the variety of devices and devices involved in the smart home all complex, they can be classified as follows:


Let’s look at these systems in more detail:

Wire system

The essence of the wired system is that all the management (control) systems are connected to each other by a common wire bus, which transmits control signals from the sensors to the Executive devices and Vice versa. Signal cables are used for broadcasting, in most cases it is a twisted pair.

Wireless system

The essence of a wireless system consists in the fact that the control signal is received not via wires, but via a radio channel. This solution significantly reduces the installation time of the system as a whole. Such systems can be installed in premises with ready-made repairs. The wireless switches used in the system function as radio transmitters. It should be noted that the use of such switches helps to expand the range of tasks solved by the system.

Centralized automation systems

The essence of such a house is that the programming and configuration of the system is carried out from a single module. As a rule, this is a programmable controller with a pre-installed program that controls devices and devices installed in the house.

Centralized systems can be based on either wired or wireless networks.

Decentralized system

In decentralized (distributed) systems, each device used is equipped with a microprocessor with Autonomous memory. This solution provides high reliability of decentralized systems.

In principle, all of the above-mentioned systems have both undoubted advantages and certain shortcomings.

In principle, you can build a smart do system with your own hands. But this will require extensive engineering knowledge and skills that not all homeowners have. Therefore, the best option is to create a smart home with the help of specialists in design and installation.