What is included in a Smart home?
Even some 20 years ago, a smart home was considered an expensive pleasure and only very rich people had it. At the present time, thanks to the development of high technologies, the smart home has become more accessible and is gradually being introduced into people’s lives.
The ultimate goal of any smart home is to make it more comfortable to manage all the systems that are used in it. Most often remote access of the home owner to such systems is necessary:
Humidifying and purifying the air;
Control of household appliances and various appliances.
The main elements that make up a smart home
Microprocessor controllers are used to control all electronic systems at home. Each of them processes information from sensors and is responsible for the functioning of a particular element. By means of power supply units and UPS, the constant transmission of electricity to all parts of the electronic system is ensured. To control the smart home is used panels that can be stationary or portable. The most comfortable to use mobile panels, due to the ability to carry them and monitor the management. Most often, mobile phone, laptop or tablet are used as portable panels. The owner of a smart home can control all its functions from anywhere in the world via the Internet. The owners of the smart home can program the microcontroller to fit your needs and it will perform the required tasks. For example, you can program the living room light to turn on at a certain point in time. This task is a simple one. However, it is possible to program more complex tasks that result in multiple actions being performed simultaneously. For example, you can close all the doors of the room, lower the blinds, turn on the lights and music center in the room.
Subsystems of the smart home
Manufacturers have developed many different subsystems for a smart home. However, the following subsystems are basic:
Below we will look at the features of each of the subsystems.
The lighting subsystem
With this subsystem, you can set different modes to control the level of lighting. Using the control panel, the owner of the house has the ability to turn on certain lighting devices. If the owners of the house have left it, they have the opportunity to remotely turn on the light at night, thereby creating the illusion of their presence.
Climate control subsystem
This subsystem is designed for remote control of the climatic condition of the room. It allows you to set the desired level of heating, humidification and air purification. Using the remote control to the arrival of the owners of the house, you can set the desired temperature in the room.
This subsystem has many functions, among which should be highlighted:
Turning the alarm on and off;
Fire safety control;
Control of communication systems at home.
The main task of this subsystem is to timely notify the owners of the house about emergencies in their home.
Home theater subsystem
The main purpose of this system is to control audio and video equipment, as well as related devices for comfortable listening or viewing audio-video information. For example, when watching a movie, you can set a certain level of room lighting.
Depending on the manufacturer, the configuration of smart home equipment differs. As a rule, in an expensive configuration, the consumer gets more functionality in each electronic product.