How a smart home works and what to consider

Digital technology is getting better and cheaper every year. Phenomena that seemed fantastic twenty years ago are now firmly embedded in everyday life. Smart homes are becoming more and more popular, and modern devices allow you to convert homes with your own hands.


the Cost of the main kit for home automation starts now from one hundred dollars, which, of course, is not much, two decades ago it cost ten times more expensive.

All equipment works thanks to the Network, through which devices contact each other, transmitting up-to-date information

To put it mildly: “smart home” is a complex of various digital devices that are connected as a single network. The language of communication is a special Protocol that is transmitted over Wi-Fi. Settings are made using smartphone apps. The code that describes the electronics dialog is called: The Internet of things (Internet of Things). It was first made public 21 years ago by Procter&Gamble employee Kevin Ashon.

There is not just an exchange between digital devices, direct actions are taken, which are based on information received from other devices. Often devices ask for additional information, for example, to turn the camera in the right direction.

What is needed

Next year, it is planned that more than half of digital devices will be connected via IoT (16 billion out of 28 billion). smart home Elements are already firmly established in the everyday life of modern people:

Smoke sensor.
“Intelligent” vacuum cleaners.
Lamps with motion sensors.

One of the ways to make a smart home is to provide all the details at the design stage:

Install all cables above the suspended ceiling or under the floor. Plan digital equipment that operates under a single Protocol. There are also questions here.
Equipment is rapidly becoming obsolete. There are difficulties with the replacement of items that fail. 1

Some choose modular methods. All devices communicate with each other via Wi-Fi. The equipment is easily changed and integrated into ready-made niches. Here, too, there are difficulties. Blocks ” can not be completely disguised, they become part of the interior, which does not always suit homeowners.

It is also important that Wi-Fi functions smoothly. In the near future, all devices in the smart home will interact in a single Protocol. Manufacturers activate applications to control the equipment. It will not matter which brand the unit is released under.


Xiaomi is releasing test projects, and in the near future they will be launched in a series

It is important that all devices are managed by one application, so the process will be simplified as much as possible


IP Network Protocol will have to be combined into a single block;
Mobile application;
Cloud software;

One of the encouraging developments is the HomeKit Protocol, which is currently running in test mode.

Automation and cost reduction of smart homes are just around the corner.