What is a Smart home and what is it for. What can he do and how to choose

06 October 2021

Home automation is becoming more and more confident in everyday life, as it raises the level of comfort to a higher level. Today, many homes are equipped with “Smart home” systems, and with the help of such a system, you can control almost all the functions of the living space. Thanks to home automation, you can create various scenarios that are adapted to a particular event. The Smart home system can have a standard set of functions, but it can also be expanded depending on the needs of residents.

The set of standard home automation functions includes management:

  • lighting devices:
  • air conditioning system;
  • ventilation system;
  • video surveillance;
  • heating system.

A smart home can be supplemented with some security functions, control of opening and closing blinds, as well as a control system for television and audio equipment.

The main elements of the Smart home system

The main components of home automation are: a controller, a set of sensors, actuators. The controller is the main device in the Smart Home system, and all sensors are connected to it, and it also sends commands to the actuators.

With the help of sensors, information is collected, and sensors can measure not only the temperature and humidity inside the room, but also the level of illumination. After processing the information, the central hub sends commands to the actuators, such as sockets, switches and drive elements.

Additional functions

You can expand the functionality of home automation by adding the following functions:

  1. An alarm system by which the owner of an apartment or a private house receives SMS messages about a possible water leak in the house, a gas leak or unauthorized entry into the dwelling.
  2. Video surveillance, which will allow real-time monitoring of the situation inside an apartment or house, regardless of the location of the owners of the dwelling.
  3. Control of electricity consumption.
  4. Water supply control.
  5. Control of automatic gates and roller shutters.

In a private cottage, with the help of home automation, it is possible to control the heating of the paths on the infield, as well as the heating of the porch. In a private house, with the help of a Smart home, it is also possible to regulate the temperature of the water in the pool, automate feeding, water supply to drinkers and walking pets.

Which system should I give preference to

When choosing a Smart home system, first of all you need to pay attention to the brand. The most popular home automation kits are devices from the following manufacturers:

  • Yandex;
  • Home Assistant;
  • Orvibo;
  • Rostelecom.
  • Xiaomi Aqara.

When choosing a home automation system, first of all, you need to take into account the desired functionality, and whether this or that system has this functionality. When choosing a kit for home automation, it is also necessary to take into account the possibilities of modernization and increasing the number of functions. The leading positions in the rating of Smart Home systems are rightfully occupied by kits from manufacturers such as Xiaomi Aqara and Home Assistant. These systems have a large number of functions, and also have a huge potential for expanding functionality.


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